Titles of works



The titles of certain works are indicated with quotation marks, others with italics, and yet others with regular type.


The style presented here is consistent with The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.) and the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.), and is appropriate for most academic and professional writing. Newspapers tend to favor quotation marks in place of italics for most titles.


Titles set in italicsTitles in quotation marksTitles set in regular typeBlogs Books Cartoons or comic strips Journals Legal cases Magazines Musical albums Musical compositions identified by name Newspapers Online databases (MLA: italicize; Chicago: regular type) Operas Paintings Plays Poems (long) Radio shows Sculptures Television shows Websites (MLA: all; Chicago: some) Articles in magazines, journals, newspapers, and encyclopedias Blog entries Chapters in books Episodes of television shows Essays Photographs Poems (short) Short stories Songs Unpublished manuscripts, speeches, dissertations, theses, and lectures Awards Musical compositions not identified by name Political documents Scriptural works (including the Bible) Sections, books, and prayers within scriptural works Works of antiquity